Panax notoginseng is a plant. The leaves, fruit, and flowers are used to make medicine. However, the root is used the most commonly. Be careful not to confuse Panax notoginseng with other forms of ginseng, such as Panax ginseng or American ginseng.
Panax notoginseng is used to stop or slow down bleeding. It is sometimes taken by people who have nosebleeds, vomit up or cough up blood, or find blood in their urine or feces.
Some people apply Panax notoginseng directly to the skin to stop bleeding, help with bruising or swelling, and to improve blood movement in the muscles.
How does it work?
Panax notoginseng might relax blood vessels. This would improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. Some of the chemicals in Panax notoginseng might reduce swelling and protect the heart. There isn't enough information to know how Panax notoginseng might work for other conditions.
Uses & Effectiveness
Possibly Effective for
Chest pain (angina). Research shows that Panax notoginseng, taken by mouth or given as an injection, seems to reduce symptoms of chest pain when used along with conventional medications. It might also reduce how often chest pain attacks occur and how long the attacks last when they do occur. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.
Bleeding within the skull (intracranial hemorrhage). Research shows that Panax notoginseng injections might improve recovery and reduce the risk of death in people that have had bleeding in the brain, usually because of a stroke. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.
Stroke. Research shows that giving Panax notoginseng injections might increase the chance of a person improving or recovering after a stroke. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.
Possibly Ineffective for
Heart attack. Panax notoginseng does not seem to prevent heart attacks in people with heart disease when used along with conventional therapy.
Insufficient Evidence for
Athletic performance. Early research shows that taking Panax notoginseng for 30 days might help non-athletes exercise for longer.
Muscle soreness caused by exercise. Taking Panax notoginseng might reduce muscle soreness a few days after a downhill run. But the improvement is small.
Osteoarthritis. Some research shows that taking a combination of Panax notoginseng, Siberian ginseng, and rehmannia daily might help patients with osteoarthritis move better. However, it does not seem to help reduce pain or stiffness.
High blood pressure.
Improving blood flow.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of Panax notoginseng for these uses.
Side Effects & Safety
When taken by mouth: Panax notoginseng is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth. It can cause some side effects such as dry mouth, flushed skin, rash, nervousness, sleep problems, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
When given by IV or as a shot: Panax notoginseng is POSSIBLY SAFEwhen given with a needle by a physician. It can cause some side effects such as rash, nervousness, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
Special Precautions & Warnings:
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Don't take Panax notoginseng if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. It is LIKELY UNSAFE. One of the chemicals in Panax notoginseng has caused birth defects in animals.